From the time of Peisistratos onwards, the site of the Acropolis began to fill with votive offerings, dedicated to the Goddess, both as tokens of piety and as marks of financial and artistic development. These important offerings were mostly statues meant to please the Goddess. Votive offerings were used by the ancient Greeks to thank the gods for granting them a wish and frequently included a reference to the cost involved with the term dekate (dekate = tithe), which is one tenth of a specific source of income, or the term aparche (aparche = first fruits), namely the first crop or the first earnings.

The type, material and size of the dedications reflected the time period, social status and financial state of the dedicant. On the Acropolis, statues and other expensive artefacts were commissioned by members of aristocratic families and wealthy professionals, manual workers, as well as women, such as washer women and bakers.

The most distinctive offerings to the temple of Athena on the Acropolis were the Korai, marble statues of young women. Carved in different sizes, they follow a strictly defined sculptural type, with an austere body posture. From the mid-6th century BC onwards, they are dressed in the fine linen chiton and heavier mantle-garments that set off their femininity more than the heavy woollen peplos. In one hand, they usually held an offering to the Goddess (a wreath, fruit, bird, flower, etc.), while with the other they lifted their pleated garment off the ground as they walked.

The “Antenor Kore”. Monumental Kore statue by the sculptor Antenor. Parian marble (statue). Pentelic marble (inscribed base). 525-510 BC
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